A prostate cancer diagnosis is often less serious than it was previously. This is because prostate cancer is usually slow growing and also spreads very slowly. For this reason, prostate cancer is known to have the highest survival rates than any other cancers. Prostate cancer is common with aging, and among older men who die of other causes, two-thirds are known to have prostate cancer that was never diagnosed. Most prostate cancers are diagnosed in older men with a slow-growing and non-aggressive disease.
The overall survival rates for prostate cancer are favourable, with the recent data showing that when including all the stages of prostate cancer.
• The 15-year relative survival rate is 96%
• The 10-year relative survival rate is 98% and
• The 5-year relative survival rate is 99%
Keeping in mind that the survival rates are based on the men who were diagnosed and first treated for prostate cancer 5, 10 and 15 years ago.
Survival rates by stage – The National Cancer Institute has a large national database (SEER database) containing survival statistics for different types of cancer. The SEER database groups cancers into distant, regional and local stages.
• Local stage – The local stage means that the cancer is confined within the prostate. The relative 5-year survival rate for the local stage prostate cancer is almost 100%.
• Regional stage – This means that the prostate cancer has spread to nearby areas surrounding the prostate. The relative 5-year survival rate for this regional stage of prostate cancer is also nearly 100%.
• Distant stage – The distant stage includes the stage IVB cancers which have spread to distant bones, lymph nodes or other body organs. The relative five-year survival rate for the distant stage prostate cancer is approximately 29%.
It is important to remember that survival rates are only estimates and cannot predict what will happen to the patient. Talking to your doctor will help you to understand your situation better.