Prostate cancer is seemingly the most common cancer in men in the UK. Because of its slow development, the signs and symptoms may not show when the disease is in the early stages. The symptoms start manifesting when the prostate has grown large and started affecting the urethra. Prostate tumors can be slow growing or aggressive enough to spread to the rest of the body and cause various symptoms.
It has not been discovered what exactly causes prostate cancer. It is therefore essential to recognize all signs of the disease and take a test. Several factors can increase the risk of developing prostate cancer:
- Age: The risk of developing prostate cancer increases as one gets older. Diagnosis is common in men aged 50 years and above. Aging men experience three prostate problems including prostatic hyperplasia (BPH) prostatitis and prostate cancer.
- Ethnicity: Research reveals prostate cancer is more common in men of African descent and African-Caribbean than those of Asian descent. Researchers believe that this is linked to levels of testosterone in the body.
- Family history: There is a high risk of developing prostate cancer if one has a father or brother who developed the disease below 60 years of age. According to research, if you had a close female relative with breast cancer, the risk of prostate cancer may increase.
- Obesity: Research has suggested a link between prostate cancer and obesity.
- Exercise: The risk of developing prostate cancer is found to be lower in men who regularly exercise.
- Diet and lifestyle: A high-fat diet, especially animal fat can lead to increased risk of developing prostate cancer. A diet that has more fruits, vegetables, fish, lean protein, olive oil and cooked tomatoes is found to help in preventing prostate cancer
Regular screening for prostate cancer is recommended for men at the age of 40 and above to help in early detection and prevention. Chemoprevention and hormonal prevention can also help prevent the growth and development of prostate cancer.