Prostate cancer develops slowly with no symptoms during the early stages. The symptoms show when the cancer has grown large enough to pressurize the urethra. Most men who are diagnosed with prostate cancer never show symptoms but later on as the disease progresses, it affects their sleep at night.
According to Cancer Research UK, sleep is the sign of prostate cancer to watch out for. When you find yourself routinely getting up at night to empty your bladder, or find it hard to empty your bladder, this could be a sign of development of prostate cancer.
There are other symptoms linked to how one urinates, and these are:
• Having difficulty passing urine
• The need to pass urine more frequently than usual
• The urge to rush to the toilet to pass urine
• Feeling that your bladder isn’t completely empty
• Having blood in urine or semen (this is rare though)
• Another uncommon sign is the difficulty to get an erection.
Most men with an enlarged prostate may confuse it with one of the symptoms of cancer of the prostate. The prostate is a small gland – the size of a wall nut – that is located in the pelvis right between the bladder and the penis.
Here’s how you can differentiate between the symptoms of a non-cancerous enlarged prostate and prostate cancer:
• Benign prostatic enlargement places pressure on the urethra and bladder affecting how one pees. This causes difficulty starting to pee, a frequent urge to pee and difficulty to fully empty your bladder.
• Having an enlarged prostate does not increase the risk of developing prostate cancer. An enlarged prostate, and prostate cancer are two problems that begin in different parts of the prostate. One can have both an enlarged prostate and prostate cancer at the same time.
Treating an enlarged prostate depends on the severity of the symptoms. Mild symptoms require lifestyle changes like regular exercise and reducing alcohol consumption. Treatment of prostate cancer is not necessary, but just active surveillance is needed. Once the cancer has progressed, the cancer care team will advise on a treatment option depending on the circumstance.