Prostate cancer does not cause symptoms until it reaches late stages. By the time cancer reaches the final stages, the treatment becomes challenging and many patients could die. In the later stages, treatment becomes costly and it’s difficult to manage the symptoms. Cancer check-ups are done annually in most cancer centers. Men are advised to get routine prostate check-ups to detect cancer in its initial stages.
- Age – Two out of every three men with prostate cancer over 65 years of age.
- Race – Compared to Caucasians, African men are at 56 percent higher rate in contracting prostate cancer.
- Diet – Men who consume red meat have a higher risk of getting cancer. Adopting a diet rich in vitamins like fruits and vegetables lowers cancer risk.
- Weight – Men with obesity are at a higher risk of developing cancer. Excessive weight leads to delay in diagnosis. The longer it takes, the higher the risk of death.
Most men rarely notice any symptom’s when their cancer is in the early stages. Those who see signs report the following:
- Frequent urination at night.
- Difficulty in controlling urine, interrupts the flow and causes painful urination.
- Trouble in having an erection, pain, and stiffness in the hips, upper thighs and lower back.
- Painful ejaculation.
- Blood or urine in the semen.
In case of absence in symptoms, prostate cancer can be detected in a routine prostate antigen blood test. Treatment options to be carried out upon early detection of prostate cancer include:
- Radiation – Radioactive seeds/pellets can kill cancer cells in the prostate.
- Hormone Therapy – Through the therapy, prostate cancer development is slowed, and testosterone levels go down.
- Radical Prostatectomy – This includes the removal of some tissue near the prostate.